How the 40 Hour Work Week Came to be.
In the year 1890, employees would spend even a hundred hours a week. This only gave them time to work and no personal time as it should be. In Wales is where everything to do with the eight hour a day for five days system started. Back in 1817, Robert Owen brought up the idea that a day should be divided thrice and end up been in favor of both the employee and the employer as they are both benefiting. Every part was to be carrying eight hours. He argued that one part is for work, the other for any kind of recreation and the last one for rest. The Europeans were not up for this idea but with some years the idea spread to many and became popular in the United States.
The National Labor day asked for the 40 hour work week to be made a law but were denied but it did capture the attention of people. Even after the law of the eight hour work day was passed, it was not complete as it required people to would sign contracts for working and having more hours added to their working hours and this made the employees to go on a strike. The day of this strike was then called the May Day. In 1869, government workers were granted the eight hour of work per day and a stable salary. In the 1870s and 1880s, other unions were effortlessly fighting to have the eight hour work day and on every May 1st they would strike. In 1886, labor organizations announced for a national strike where so many people turned out. In 1906, with support from government workers, the eight hour workday was printed in the papers. The Ford Motor Company pretended to make the eight hour system effective. In 1916, the railways workers got lucky as three years that came afterwards they were able to work for eight hours a day.
In 1919, more and more companies implemented the rule of eight hours a day and this led to people striking where they are working more hours than eight. In 1926 is when the Ford Motor Company started using the 40 hour work week. A strike that was done by the General Motor Company was as a result of bad employee treatment and it took place in the year 1937. At long last they only reduced the hours but not up to eight hours a day. In 1938, President Franklin Delano signed the Fair Labor Standards Acts which required employees to work 44 hours a week. In 1940, Robert Owen brought the idea of eight hours again and this time around it became effective from October 24th.
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